BIN: A collection of dozens of sealings, mentioning the names of officials dated to the days of the Judean kingdom prior to the Babylonian destruction, was unearthed during excavations by the Israel Antiquities Authority in the City of David National Park in the area of the walls of Jerusalem, funded by the ELAD (El Ir David) organization.
The sealings (bullae- from which the Hebrew word for stamp, “bul”, is derived) are small pieces of clay which in ancient times served as seals for letters. A letter which arrived with its seal broken was a sign that the letter had been opened before reaching its destination.
According to Ortal Chalaf and Dr. Joe Uziel, directors of the excavation for the Israel Antiquities Authority, “In the numerous excavations at the City of David, dozens of seals were unearthed, bearing witness to the developed administration of the city in the First Temple period.” more …
Opinion: Archaeologists continue to unearth proof of the Abrahamic Covenant. Genesis 17:1-10 records that God gave the land to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their descendants. I have always found it interesting that God repeated after you four times making sure that there would be no doubt as to the rightful owners of the land.
I have often wondered if, during the first temple period in the years prior to its destruction by the Babylonian army of Nebuchadnezzar, the Israelites were constantly being harassed/terrorized by the Edomites as they are today. It was just before that tumultuous time that Esau’s descendants were forced out of their ancestral home in Mt. Seir by an Ishmaelite tribe called the Nabateans.
The book of Obadiah has only one chapter and it is packed with prophecy about this time period.
Obadiah 1:1 “Thus says the Lord God concerning Edom” – the prophet leaves no doubt about the purpose of the book
Obadiah 1:2-5, the prophet admonishes Edom’s pride and warns him that though he dwelt high (Mt. Seir, modern day Petra) he would be brought down.
Obadiah 1:6-9, the prophet records that Edom’s cunning must be searched out and in the end he will be dismayed as the Lord God will destroy the men of Edom.
Obadiah 1:10-14, the prophet admonishes Edom for being as one of the Babylonians, for gazing at his brother Jacob at a time of great distress and for cutting off those who escaped.
Obadiah 1:15-18, the prophet warns Edom that what he has done to his brother Jacob will be done to him, and because of this transgression “There will be nothing left of the house of Esau.”
Obadiah 1:19-21, In the millennial reign of Christ, Israel will possess all the cities of the Canaanites. Esau will be judged and the kingdom will be the Lord’s (Isaiah 63:1-3).