Assessment: The original parties of the JCPOA were the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States; plus Germany) plus Germany, hence the term P5+1.
On Wednesday, almost a week after Russia invaded Ukraine, it was announced that Russia was part of the negotiations between the US and Iran over its nuclear program.
“Top US and Russian officials for Iran have met in Vienna, a Russian envoy said on Wednesday, and delegates on both sides said Moscow and Washington were coordinating in a bid to salvage the 2015 Iran nuclear deal,” the report said.
“Son of man, prophesy against Gog and say: ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: I am against you, Gog, chief prince of Meshek and Tubal. Ezekiel 39:1
After President Trump withdrew from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) agreement with Iran in 2018, President Biden undertook to jumpstart negotiations upon entering office and talks with Iran have been going on for ten months. Last week, Mikhail Ulyanov, the Russian negotiator, was posting videos and pictures on Twitter showing the ongoing coordination with the United States, France, Britain, and Germany, adding that there was a “very high probability” of a deal within a week.
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has affected the negotiations.
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