SUNDAY STUDY: The Meal Covenant in the Bible


The idea of “breaking bread together” is actually very biblical. Throughout the Bible, once you’ve shared a meal with someone, you owe them loyalty and friendship. Also known as the Covenant of Reconciliation, this ‘table fellowship’ becomes the means for reconciliation between people.

That was one reason why Judas’s betrayal was so despicable: ‘Even my close friend in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, has lifted his heel against me!’ (Psalm 41:9).

When Jethro decided to make common cause with the Israelites, ‘Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat bread with Moses’ father-in-law before God…’ (Exodus 18.12): that was the token that they accepted him and that he was committed to them.

‘Communion’ (the act of sharing together) has a shadow that extends as far back as Genesis with its roots in the promises and faithfulness of God and in His divine provision. Jesus’ last meal, Communion, is a type of meal covenant. 1 Corinthians 11:23–26; Mark 14:22–25; Matthew 26:26–29; Luke 22:14–20.

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