The Temple Mount is known in the Bible as Mount Moriah. This was the location of Abraham’s offering of Isaac (Genesis 22:1-14), David’s altar (2 Samuel 24:18-25) and Solomon’s Temple (2 Chronicles 3:1-2).
The Dome was initially completed in 691–92 AD at the order of Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik during the Second Fitna on the site of the second Jewish temple destroyed during the Roman Siege of Jerusalem in 70 AD.
The Temple Mount is the most contested spot on earth. Two Islamic shrines are located on the mount: the Dome of the Rock …
… and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
A few rules on the mount: No Bibles allowed, no iPads (might be a Bible in it), but strangely iPhones permitted. No shorts. Women must have arms and legs covered. No public displays of affection. Jews are forbidden to pray – Muslims are not. See our post “5 Mosques on the Temple Mount And Counting”, on how that happened here)
Israeli security is everywhere.
Jewish tradition holds the rock as the spot from where God created the universe and breathed life into Adam and the place where both Jewish temples once stood.
Islamic tradition identifies the first temple as Mecca and the second as Jerusalem. Mohammed’s journey was with the Archangel Gabriel. Muslim belief says they rode together on a winged steed called El Burak (“lightning”). El Burak is not mentioned in the Koran, its first mention is two centuries after Mohammed’s death in a document called Hadith, a collection of oral traditions.
In the New Testament, the Temple Mount is were we find Jesus dealing with the sheep salesmen and money changers (Matthew 21:12-13).
Via Dolorosa (Way of Suffering) is the path that leads from the Antonia Fortress, the Praetorium where Jesus was tried before Pilate (John 18:33, 19:16) to the traditional site at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, where Jesus was buried in Joseph of Arimathea’s tomb.
Station of the cross where Jesus fell the first time.
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher was originally called the ‘Church of the Resurrection’ (Anastasis, coming back to life after death). It was built in 326 AD by Helena, Constantine’s mother, to memorialize the place of Jesus’ death and resurrection (John 20).
Most of what is seen today at the church dates to the Crusader period (1095-1492). Archaeology indicates that the site was outside the walls of Jerusalem in Jesus’ day at the site of the 1st century cemetery.
That this church was built on the site where Jesus was crucified, buried and resurrected is accepted by many Bible scholars and archaeologists.
The Tower of David is located at the site of King Herod’s palace, the place where the Magi asked Herod “Where is He who has been born the King of the Jews?”