Biblical Kingdom of Edom Discovered in Israel


“So Esau settled in the hill country of Seir –Esau being Edom.” Genesis 36:8 (The Israel Bible™)

(Excavations of ancient copper mines as part of Tel Aviv University’s Central Timna Valley Project. Timna was a concubine of Esau and the mother of Amalek Ex. 17:16)

BIN: Remnants of copper slag – the waste product left over from the metal’s extraction – provide evidence that the biblical kingdom of Edom existed in the Arava Desert today occupied by Israel and Jordan, according to archeological finds by Tel Aviv University scientist.

The researchers, who have published their findings in the journal PLOS One, said that the kingdom of Edom flourished in the Arava Desert during the 12th and 11th centuries BCE.

The Edom Kingdom supported itself largely from the caravan trade among Egypt, the LevantMesopotamia and southern Arabia, along the Incense Route. Astride the King’s Highway, the Edomites were one of several states in the region for whom trade was vital due to the scarcity of arable land. It is also said that sea routes traded as far away as India, with ships leaving from the port of Ezion-Geber. Edom’s location on the southern highlands left it with only a small strip of land that received sufficient rain for farming. more …

Opinion: If you compare the above paragraph with page 90 of Antichrist: The Search for Amalek you will see our research has an interesting similarity.

Page 90: Nomadic Nabateans migrated out of Arabia into Edom and drove the Edomites westward. Directly west of Edom were established routes of passage. Land there was historically more prosperous and resourceful than the land of Edom, which consisted of infertile deserts and jagged mountains.

Furthermore, the land bore a family association, after all, Esau was Jacob’s brother. Hebron, 19 miles south of Jerusalem and 3400 ft. above sea level, became their new capital. It had been established 1500 years earlier and, unlike Jerusalem, was left intact as prime real estate after the Babylonian deportation under Nebuchadnezzar.”

It was to the descendants of Edom whom Obadiah directed his entire book. The details, some of which have happened and some waiting future fulfillment, continue to amaze:

Obadiah 1:1-5: God identifies Esau with the name He gave him, Edom (Genesis 36:1), Hebrew for red. God identifies Edom’s dwelling place asYou who dwell in the clefts of the rock, Whose habitation is high”, a perfect description of Petra, one of the 7 wonders of the world, which today is southern Israel and east into the mountains of southern Jordan.

Edom would be made small and be despised and despite its security high in the rocks, Edom would be brought down.

Obadiah 1:6 We are told that Esau is cunning and hard to identify as opposed to Jacob, a tent dweller. Esau must be searched out, once in power he will never let go unless killed, a perfect trait for the future Antichrist.

Obadiah 1:7-9: Esau prided himself in alliances with neighboring countries, likely because of its favorable location to trade routes. But those Edom trusted would betray him, giving credence to the Nabatean tribes that forced him out in the early part of the 7th century BC. From there we learn that Edom’s descendants are in Judea helping the Babylonian armies ransack Jerusalem destroying Solomon’s temple.

Obadiah 1:10-14 – Indictment:

  • “You should not have gazed on the day of your brother In the day of his captivity”
  • “You should not have entered the gate of My people In the day of their calamity.”
  • You should not have stood at the crossroads To cut off those among them who escaped”

Obadiah 1:15 Judgment:

“As you have done, it shall be done to you;
Your reprisal shall return upon your own head.”

Obadiah 1:17: Jacob’s Final Triumph

“But on Mount Zion there shall be deliverance,
And there shall be holiness; 
The house of Jacob shall possess their possessions.”

Obadiah 1:18: Esau’s Demise:

“The house of Jacob shall be a fire,
And the house of Joseph a flame;
But the house of Esau shall be stubble;
They shall kindle them and devour them,
And no survivor shall remain of the house of Esau,”
For the Lord has spoken.”