The Water Canopy, Theory or Fact?

A Bible Study by

“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. So the evening and the morning were the first day.

Then God said, “Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters” Genesis 1:1-6.

7Thus God made the firmament and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament; and it was so. And God called the firmament Heaven. So the evening and the morning were the second day.”

God brings order out of chaos. The Bible gives us clues about dense moisture being divided into upper and lower waters, with a firmament separating them.  The Hebrew word used is raqiya , which translates to ‘expanse’ or ‘heavens’.

Then God said, “Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. 10 And God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters He called Seas. And God saw that it was good.” Genesis 1:9-10

The waters below the heavens were gathered together making a space for dry land to appear. The vault of the sky supporting the waters above shrouded the earth in a type of ‘water canopy’.

Lifespans Up To 1000 Years

Since there is no water above the earth today except clouds, the long lifespans in Genesis 7:6 and 9:28 give us clues of a protective pre-Flood canopy that once circled and protected the earth:

“Noah was 600 when the floodwaters came on the earth”

And Noah lived after the flood three hundred and fifty years”

And it was not just Noah:

  • Adam lived 930 years – Genesis 5:4
  • Seth lived 912 years – Genesis 5:8
  • Methuselah lived 969 years – Genesis 5:27

The Water Canopy:

  • Kept harmful radiation from penetrating the earth
  • Kept the globe at a consistent temperature for a more uniform climate
  • Increased the surface atmospheric pressure of oxygen
  • Provided one of the sources of water for the Flood
  • Increased life spans close to 1000 years

Lifespans Decline

 “And the Lord said, “My Spirit shall not strive with man forever, for he is indeed flesh; yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.” Genesis 6:3

Lifespans declined post-flood giving more suggestion that the water canopy was part of the flood waters.

  • Abraham – 175 years
  • Aaron – 123 years
  • Moses – 120 years

The ancient Jewish commentary, the Midrash, records that Abram was born approximately 2000 years after creation:

  • First 2000 years after creation was the time of Gentiles
  • Second 2000 years after creation was the time of Jews
  • Third 2000 years after creation came the Church Age
  • The last 1000 years, or Kingdom Age, will have two population centers: Jerusalem on earth, and the New Jerusalem, where the church will be taken after the rapture

Jerusalem on Earth. Lifespans Increase

Revelation 21:1 Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea.”

During the Millennial Reign of Jesus Christ, lifespans will once again increase when God puts things back to the way they were in preparation for His kingdom on earth.

Zechariah 8:1-5 “Thus says the Lord: ‘I will return to Zion, And dwell in the midst of Jerusalem. Jerusalem shall be called the City of Truth, The Mountain of the Lord of hosts, The Holy Mountain. ‘Old men and old women shall again sit In the streets of Jerusalem, Each one with his staff in his hand Because of great age. The streets of the city Shall be full of boys and girls Playing in its streets.”

Isaiah 65:20 “No more shall an infant from there live but a few days,
Nor an old man who has not fulfilled his days; For the child shall die one hundred years old, But the sinner being one hundred years old shall be accursed.”

Great Earthquake, the Destruction of Babylon

To get an understanding of the magnitude of the 7th and final Bowl Judgment of the Great Tribulation, we turn to Revelation 16:17-21

“Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, “It is done!” 18 And there were noises and thunderings and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth.”

As the city of Babylon is destroyed, the stage is being set for the return of Jesus Christ and the re-establishment of the earth to its pre-fall state.

“Now the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. And great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath. 20 Then every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21 And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent. Men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, since that plague was exceedingly great.”

Restoration of All Things

Repent therefore and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, so that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord,  and that He may send Jesus Christ, who was preached to you before,  whom heaven must receive until the times of restoration of all things, which God has spoken by the mouth of all His holy prophets since the world began.” Acts 3:19-21

The restoration begins with a great shaking as told in Haggai 2:6.

“For thus says the Lord of hosts: ‘Once more (it is a little while) I will shake heaven and earth, the sea and dry land.

At the time of the great flood, the mountains rose up and the valleys lowered to form ocean beds to hold the flood waters.

At the Second Coming, the process will be reversed.

“Then every island fled away, and the mountains were not foundRevelation 16:20.

According to Dr. Henry Morris in The Revelation Record, the explosive, violent shaking of the earth will cause the great waters of the flood to be taken back up into the atmosphere, restoring the water canopy, increasing lifespans, taking us full-circle back to Genesis 1:6-7:

“Then God said, “Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” Thus God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament; and it was so.”

The New Jerusalem Above the Earth

In Revelation 21:9-10 an angel offered to take John to see the bride, the wife of the Lamb and took him to the New Jerusalem.

“Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls filled with the seven last plagues came to me and talked with me, saying, “Come, I will show you the bride, the Lamb’s wife.” 10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God having the glory of God” Revelation 21:9-10.

In the New Jerusalem, where the raptured and resurrected Church will have dwelt since before the Tribulation, there will be no death, no marriage, and no bearing of children.

Matthew 22:30 “For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels of God in heaven.”

Revelation 21:4 And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying. There shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away.”


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